The Vaticam Museums – Pope Julius II was the man responsible for the founding of these in the 16th century. Successors enlarged the museums during their respective times. The Vatican Museums can proudly boast one of the biggest art collections in the world. Everything from Egyptian mummies and Etruscan Bronze coming all the way to prized and rare modern paintings, these museums house so much wealth and history and art. The highlights of course, will always remain the frescoes done by Raphael and the Sistine Chapel painted by Michaelangelo.
St. Peter’s basilica – welcome to Italy’s biggest, wealthiest and most jaw-droppingly gorgeous basilica. It has been constructed atop a 4th century church and was consecrated in 1626. The plush interiors hold beautiful works of art but three of them always steal the show; Michealangelo’s Pieta, his soaring dome and the 29 metre high baldachin by Bernini over the papal altar.
Colosseum – the arena of the gladiators is one of the most visited ancient ruins of Rome. Opened in AD 80, the Colosseum can easily seat 50,000 in a single go. The Flavian Amphitheatre, was covered with a massive canvas that had to be held up by 240 masts while the underground labyrinthine construction were meant for caging animals who would later take part in fights against other animals for the entertainment of spectators.
Pantheon – this beautiful and intricate 2000 year old temple which is now a church is one of the best preserved ancient monuments in Rome. It is also considered one of the most affluent buildings in the Western world. The unreinforced concrete dome is the largest that has been ever built in history.
The Roman Forum – this is a very confusing set of ruins that belonged to the grand district full of temples, basilicas and public areas in the past. First known as a burial ground for the Etruscans, this was layer developed into becoming a commercial hub of the Roam Empire.